What’s next on the debt ceiling: Selling the plan and making a deal into a law

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After weeks of negotiations, President Joe Biden and House Speaker Kevin McCarthy have announced an “agreement in principle” to raise the nation’s debt ceiling and avoid a potentially catastrophic default.

The agreement includes spending cuts demanded by Republicans, but it is short of the reductions in the sweeping legislation passed by the Republican-led House last month.

To reduce spending, as Republicans had insisted, the package includes a two-year budget deal that would hold spending flat for 2024 and impose limits for 2025. That’s in exchange for raising the debt limit for two years, until after the next election.

It also expands some work requirements for food-stamp recipients and tweaks an environmental law to try to streamline reviews to build new energy projects.

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Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has said the United States could default on its debt obligations by June 5 if lawmakers do not act in time to raise the federal debt ceiling.

A look at what’s next as Congress rushes to pass an agreement:


Speaking to reporters in the Capitol late Saturday, McCarthy said the bill has “historic reductions in spending, consequential reforms that will lift people out of poverty into the workforce and rein in government overreach. There are no new taxes and no new government programs.”

Biden told reporters at the White House on Sunday: “I’m going to call McCarthy now at 3 o’clock to make sure all the T’s are crossed and the I’s are dotted. I think we’re in good shape.”

House Minority Leader Hakeem Jeffries of New York said in a letter to Democratic colleagues that administration officials would brief House Democrats on the agreement at 5 pm One of the administration’s chief negotiators, presidential counselor Steve Ricchetti, was also making individual calls to Democratic lawmakers to build support, according to a House Democratic aide.

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Biden said in a statement after the deal was announced that he strongly urged “both chambers to pass the agreement right away.”


To pass the bill, both McCarthy and Biden will now have to sell it to their respective parties. While both sides are expected to lose some votes, they have to make sure that the deal is popular enough to pass both chambers without a revolt on either side.

McCarthy held a call Saturday evening with the Republican caucus, fulfilling a promise he made to show the agreement to them before revealing the legislation to the public. He said he expects to release the text of the bill on Sunday afternoon.

McCarthy said in an interview on “Fox News Sunday” that the bill is less than 150 pages and the House would wait 72 hours before voting on it so it can be publicly reviewed. “This is worthy of the American people. I want them to read it. I want them to understand it,” he said.

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The Republican speaker he expects a majority of Republicans to vote for it and a lot of Democrats as well because Biden was on board. Jeffries said on CBS’ “Face the Nation” that he expects “there will be Democratic support once we have the ability to be fully briefed by the White House, but I’m not going to predict what those numbers will ultimately look like.”

The reaction was mixed. Rep. Dan the Bishop of North Carolina tweeted a vomit emoji, complaining that some Republicans on the call were praising the speaker for getting what he said was “almost zippo in exchange” for the debt ceiling hike.

South Dakota Rep. Dusty Johnson, an ally of McCarthy, told CNN’s “State of the Union” that “overwhelmingly, Republicans in this conference are going to support the deal. How could they not. It’s a fantastic deal.”

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White House officials will give their own briefing to House Democrats on Sunday at 5 pm, according to a House Democratic aide. McCarthy said he spoke to Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky on Saturday night and there would be a conference call with Republicans senators later Sunday.


Both the House and Senate are expected to return on Tuesday, after Memorial Day. McCarthy said the House would vote Wednesday, which would then send the bill to the Senate.

Once the bill reaches the Senate, where Democrats have the majority, the pace of action will largely depend on whether any senators try to hold up the bill, possibly with amendment votes. That could tie up the legislation for a few days.

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Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer of New York warned members Sunday that “due to the time it may take to process the legislation in the Senate without cooperation, Senators should prepare for potential Friday and weekend votes.”

Still, the Senate can move quickly when they have an agreement from all 100 senators. The bill could be passed by the end of the week, with a quick Biden signature to make it law.

The White House was expected to brief Senate Democrats late Sunday afternoon, likely after the bill language has been released and members have had time to review the proposals.

If all goes according to McCarthy’s plan — and both chambers are able to pass the legislation — the potential crisis should be resolved by June 5, which is when the US Treasury Department projects would be at risk of default.

“This agreement is good news for the American people, because it prevented what could have been a catastrophic default and would have led to an economic recession, retirement accounts devastated, and millions of jobs lost,” Biden said in his Saturday evening statement.


Associated Press writers Farnoush Amiri, Lisa Mascaro, Seung Min Kim, Zeke Miller in Washington and Michelle L. Price in New York contributed to this report.


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